There are those who are a tad cynical about talk that the UK economy is recovering. They look at debt – household and government debt – and with a somewhat sardonic smirk, say “Yeah sure, the UK economy is recovering.” But if you sign up to a school of thought that there has to be something real behind an economic recovery, then there is evidence that something real is there, slowly charging a real recovery, And this something real is based on companies bringing their manufacturing back home to Blighty.
John Lewis is at it. Its boss Andy Smith has said that he wants to see sales of UK-made products increase by 15 per cent across the retail chain in 2015, taking them to a value of around 12 per cent of the company’s turnover, or £550 million.
He said: “We think our customers want to buy British if they can…A big area for us is home-based: our fitted kitchens are made in Birmingham, we have beds made in Leeds. We want to help British manufacturers to grow their share as much as we can.”
Earlier this month a report from YouGov on behalf of Business Birmingham found that a third of British Businesses, which currently use overseas suppliers, are planning to source more products from the UK.
There is no one reason. Businesses cited rising costs from overseas manufacturers and simpler transport and logistics as drivers for reshoring.
Right now, the move back to the UK is modest. There is little sign of a new manufacturing boom. But everything starts small and if the surveys and anecdotal evidence prove right, the boom may yet follow.
But the UK – or indeed other developed economies – is not going to be the only winner. A recent survey produced by SCM also found that companies are bringing manufacturing closer to home but not always to home, with counties such as Mexico and Poland benefiting from the reshoring trend.
However, the SCM survey also found that much of the reshoring is symbolic. Kevin O'Marah at SCM said: “Our data and interviews with more than two dozen executives show that reshoring is symbolic. It does not represent the rebirth of American or European manufacturing.” The SCM survey suggests that reshoring is being driven by automation, and there aint many new jobs in that.
That may be true, and it is certainly the case that reshoring to the UK will not lead to a new jobs boom, but then again it will help.
Looking further ahead, the jury is out on what effect 3D printing will have. Will it destroy jobs, as commonsense might suggest, or create jobs, as businesses find it is viable to make products for consumers to order, tailoring them to individual customers?
© Investment & Business News 2013